The resource depletion may be checked appreciably, if every citizen takes some steps in the utilisation of resources. Some of these steps are as under:
- People must change their worldviews and value systems. They should recognise that natural resources are finite and limited.
- People should recognise that development and environment are compatible. In other words, development is the best guarantor of future economic well-being.
- People all over the world should consider the needs of future generations more than we do now.
- People should strive for self-reliance through the use of appropriate technologies. Villagers, for example, should rely increasingly on solar power of electricity.
- People of the developing countries need to limit their population growth. Advances in the status of women, and improvements in education, health, family planning and social services are desired.
- In developing countries, steps should be taken to ensure a more equitable distribution of land.
- In developed countries, steps should be taken to reduce over-consumerism.
- Wealth should be redistributed among developed and developing countries because poverty is the fundamental cause of environmental degradation. Proponents of sustainable development argue that this does not mean that rich countries should give cash outright to the poor. Instead, the lending institutions of the developed countries could forgive some existing debts owed by developing countries or use many innovations as ‘debt-for-nature swaps’ in which a certain portion of the debt is forgiven in return for the borrower’s pledge to invest that amount in national parks, biosphere reserves, and other conservation programmes.