Uttar Pradesh is bordered by Uttarakhand, and Nepal to the north, Haryana and Delhi to the West, Madhya Pradesh to the South, and Bihar to the east. It is the biggest northern State in India, though Uttarakhand has been cut off and emerged from it as a separate State. It has a rich historical background and heritage. Most parts of Uttar Pradesh stand at the Himalayan foothills, and it offers a beautiful landscape.
Most attractive tourist spots in Uttar Pradesh
Agra includes Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Sikandra Fort (Fatehpur Sikri), Itmad- Ud-Daulah and Radha Swami Samadhi. Taj Mahal is the most favourite destination of the tourists in Agra. Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built Taj Mahal as a memento of his favourite queen Mumtaz by the side of the river Yamuna. It was completed in 1633. It is one of India’s most beautiful monuments of architecture and splendour and one of the seven exquisite wonders of the world. It seems a dream in marbles when it is seen in a moonlit night.
Fatehpur Sikri or Sikandra Fort reflects the philosophy and secular outlook of Akbar in its blend of the best of Hindu and Muslim architecture. It was completed by his son Jahangir in 1613 AD.
Agra Fort is another marvel of architecture in Agra. Mughal Emperor Akbar started the construction of this fort in 1565 — though it was finally completed during the time of his grandson Shah Jahan.
Itmad-ud-Daulah is the tomb of Mirza Ghyas Beg, a Persian who served in Akbar’s court. The tomb was built by Emperor Jahangir’s queen Noor- Jahan during 1622-1628.
Radha Swami Samadhi is a popular tourist spot. The holy ashes of the founder of Radhaswami religion are preserved here. There is a beautiful temple on the premises.
Allahabad is a popular tourist spot for its historical and spiritual significance. It includes the Sangam, Allahabad Fort, All Saints Cathedral, Hanuman Temple, and Jawahar Planetarium.
Sangam signifies the meeting point of three holy rivers-Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati. During the Kumbha Mela (every twelfth year) and the Ardha Kumbha (every sixth year), it comes alive with millions of devotees from all over the country.
Allahabad Fort is a lofty fort built by Emperor Akbar in 1583 on the bank of the river Yamuna. A polished sandstone pillar as old as 232 BC stands inside the fort.
All Saints Cathedral is perhaps the finest Anglican Cathedral in Asia. It is dedicated to the memory of all those people who have faith in God. It is a specimen of 13th-century Gothic architectural style. It was designed by Sir William Emerson and reflects colonial architecture.
Hanuman Temple is located near Sangam. Inside the temple, there is the largest image of Lord Hanuman.
Varanasi is an old living city in the world. Buddhist scriptures, as well as the epic Mahabharata, contains one of the earliest descriptions of Varanasi. A large number of pilgrims from all over the world come here. Sri Kashi Viswanath Mandir is the most attractive spot for both the pilgrims and the tourists. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva, the presiding deity in Varanasi. Several ghats such as Manikarnika Ghat in Ganga are places of interest to the visitors.
Deogarh in the Lalitpur district in Uttar Pradesh has both archaeological and epigraphical importance. The name of Deogarh of Uttar Prades is mentioned many times in Indian history during the reign of the Guptas and Gondas, during Muslims rule in Delhi, and even during the British rule. Moreover, there is religious and spiritual importance. The Dashavatar Temple of Deogarh is a beautiful Vishnu temple of the Gupta period. This is also known as the Panchayatan Temple of North India and called the Jewel of Deogarh’. It is also noted for being the first temple of India with a Shikara or spire. A lot of tourists visit the place for enjoying and relaxing favourable climate for a health resort.