Delhi is a State and at the same time the capital city of India. It is bordered by Haryana to the north, west and south, and by Uttar Pradesh to the east. It has a great historical and cultural heritage.
Most attractive tourist spots in Delhi:
India Gate is a stone monument dedicated to the memory of the Indian soldiers who fought and died in the First World War (1914-1918), and it ranks as one of the primary places of interest in Delhi. It was designed by Edward Lutyens and took 10 years to complete.
The Rashtrapati Bhawan on Raisina Hills is a renowned place of historical interest. It was the palace of the then viceroy of India. At present, the Rashtrapati Bhawan is the house of the President of India. The building was designed by Edwin Lutyens. The construction began in 1911 and it took 19 years to finish its construction. There is a wonderful Mughal garden towards the west of Rashtrapati Bhawan. It opens to the public every spring. Tours to Rashtrapati Bhawan and Mughal Gardens are available with a nominal registration fee of Rs. 25 only.
Red Fort is a famous sandstone fort that extends 2 km and differs in height from 18 metres on the riverside to 33 metres on the cityside. The fort was constructed by Shahjahan in 1638 and was completed in 1648. Inside there are buildings including the Hall of Public Audiences, the Drum House, the Pearl Mosque, Palace of Colour and the Royal Baths. Decorated with Persian, European and Indian art, the fort is a brilliant piece of architecture.
Purana Quila (Old Fort) is a rectangular shaped fort that is spread nearly 2 kilometres. There is a small archaeological museum just inside the main gate and there is a good view of New Delhi from atop the gate. A Light and Sound Show is held here every evening.
The Qutub Minar in Old Delhi is the world’s tallest brick minaret standing at a height of 725 metres. Delhi’s first Muslim ruler. Qutub-ud-din Aibak had founded only a basement in 1193. Three more towers were added to the structure by his successor and son-in-law Shamsud-din-Iltutmish. The Qutub Minar is known to be the earliest and most evident example of Indo Islamic architecture and is surrounded by several other ancient structures collectively known as the Qutub Complex. Its speciality is — it has the world’s best height with base ratio — the highest tower on such a small base.
Jama Masjid, located in Old Delhi, is one of the principal mosques of Delhi, and one of the largest mosques in India with its courtyard that can hold around 25,000 persons. It was one of the memorable architectural extravagances of Emperor Shah Jahan. Its construction began in 1644 and was completed in 1658 by 5,000 artisans. The Jama Masjid has three great gateways, four angle towers and two minarets standing 40 metres high and is constructed of alternating strips of red sandstone and white marble.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib in New Delhi is worth a view at the occasion of all the Gurupurabs and Guru Nanak Jayanti. The entire atmosphere of the place is absolutely serene.
Jantar Mantar was built by Raja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in Delhi in 1724. It is an astronomical observatory with masonry instruments. Jantar Mantar has instruments that can graph the path of the astronomical universe.
The Bahai Temple is popularly known as Lotus Temple because of its lotus-like shape. It is located in the southern part of Delhi and a famous tourist attraction, winning many architecture awards.
Akshardham is one of the most important religious sites in Delhi which claims to fame for its piety and spirituality. It is also known for its architectural magnificence with its 234 pillars, 9 domes and 20 quadrangle sikhars—all displaying fine artistry and craftsmanship.
ISKCON Temple, popularly called as the Hare Krishna Temple, in South Delhi is acknowledged for its distinctive architecture that blends the traditional Vedic style with modern style.
Laxminarayan Temple, popularly known a Birla Mandir, was built in 1938 by the industrialist GD Birla. It is one of the major temples in Delhi and is located near Connaught Place. The temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi on the stipulation that people of all castes shall be allowed to enter the temple.
Raj Ghat in Delhi is a sacred site where Mahatma Gandhi, the Father constructed in the nearby areas are dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi. The samadhi of Jawaharlal Nehru was also constructed to the north of Raj Gat in Shanti Van.
Connaught Place is one of the biggest commercial areas in Delhi, with a variety of shops, business comers and emporiums for every taste and budget.
Chandni Chowk is one of the oldest and busiest markets in Delhi, and Asia’s largest wholesale market. Created by Shah Jahan, the market stretches in the old city from the Red Fort to Jama Masjid.