Andhra Pradesh is a state in South India, facing the Bay of Bengal to the east. It is bordered by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Odisha to the north, Karnataka to the West, and Tamil Nadu to the south. Telangana is now being cut off from it. It offers a wide range of tourist attractions bearing a glorious historical legacy of the Mauryas, the Pallavas, the Cholas, the Satvahanas and the Chalukyas.
Most attractive tourist spots in Andhra Pradesh
Charminar is one of the most favourite tourist attractions in Andhra Pradesh. The legend says Mohammed Quli Qutb Shah, the founder of the city, built this magnificent square-shaped edifice to ward off the break out of an epidemic in his time. Four high minarets of the edifice explain the name Char (four) minar. A lotus leaf structure which was a special recurrent motif in Qutub Shahi buildings supports the base of each seminar. The arches support two floors and gallery of archways. The first floor houses a school (a madrasa), and the second floor houses a mosque. The monument is open all days. However, it requires special permission from the Archaeological Survey of India to go to the top of the minarets which offers a spectacular view of the city.
Golconda Fort is one of the famous forts of India and derives its name from the Telugu words “Golla Konda’ or Shepherd’s Hill. It was originally a mud fort. Later, three Qutb Shahi rulers rebuilt Golconda over a span of 62 years. The fort is famous for its acoustics, palaces, factories, ingenious water supply system, and the famous Fateh Rahben gun, one of the cannons used in the last siege of Golconda by Aurangzeb, to whom the fort ultimately fell. Evening light and sound show bring alive the historical significance of the Golconda Fort.
Qutb Shahi Tombs are the oldest historical monuments in Hyderabad. It is located close to the Golconda Fort. The uniqueness lies in the fact that this is a graveyard where an entire dynasty had been buried at one place. The tombs reflect a unique blending of Persian, Pathan and Hindu architectural styles.
Osmania University in Hyderabad is one of the oldest universities in India. It was established in 1918. It derives its name from Mir Osman Al I Khan, the Nizam of Hyderabad.
Ramoji Film City, located at the outskirts of Hyderabad, sprawling over nearly 1,000 acres, is the largest, most comprehensive and professionally planned film production centre in India. It is open every day from 9 am 5-30 pm and the visitors can take a conducted tour organised by the authority.
The Salar Jung Museum and the Nizam’s Museum in Hyderabad are worth-seeing for the tourists.
Araku Valley or Ooty is perched at an altitude of 3,100 feet (930 m) on the Eastern Ghats at a distance of 112 km from Visakhapatnam. Travellers will be greeted by the picturesque scenario of the valley, the smooth flowing silvery streams, 46 tunnels and bridges by a train journey.
Borra Caves are the most favourite attractions of Araku Valley. This one- million-year-old natural caves sprawl over an area of 2 sq km at a height of 1,400 feet (430 m) above the sea level.
Belum Caves are the second largest natural caves in the Indian subcontinent after the Meghalaya caves. Lying underground, these caves have 3 well-like cavities with the central one being the main entrance to the caves. The central one leads to the caves after a descent of 20 metres at the entrance. The 3,230 metre long horizontal caves have long passages, spacious chambers, freshwater galleries and siphons inside, which make it a geological and archaeological attraction across the globe.
Nagarjuna Konda and Nagarjunasagar are located at a distance of about 150 km to the south-east of Hyderabad. Once this area was one of India’s richest Buddhist sites. Now it lies almost entirely under the Nagarjunasagar Dam. Statues, coins and jewellery found during the excavation for the constructions of the Dam are now preserved in a museum on the island and give a fascinating insight into the lifestyle of this ancient Buddhist centre. The monasteries and chaityas were reconstructed on top of a hill called Nagarjunkonda (Konda is the Telegu word for hill), which rises from the middle of the lake. The area takes its name from the Buddhist sage Nagarjuna who lived around the turn of the 2nd century AD and was the exponent of the philosophy of Shunyata or void.