Bhutan is a small country in the Himalayan region having high peaks and deep valleys. Its total area is 47,000 sq km.
The physical features of Bhutan can be well divided into three parts. The Northern region is in the Great Himalayas with great peaks to a height of over 7,000 metres. Kula Kangri (7,554 m) and Chomo Lhari (7,314 m) are two major peaks in this region. The central region starts from, the Great Himalayas with several ridges with the Black mountain which divides Bhutan into two parts— the East and tan. The Thimpu and Poro Punakha Valleys are located here. The southern region of Bhutan is mostly marshland like Tarai.
The four major rivers are the main water source of Bhutan. They are Amo Chu (Torsa), Mo Chu (Sankosh), Paro Chu and Wang Chu (Raidak).
The climate in the Northern Region of Bhutan is severe cold. The annual rainfall here is about 40 mm. The climate in the southern region is hot and humid.
Only 28% of the land of Bhutan is under agriculture. The major crops produced here are rice, maize, millets and wheat.
The electric power and energy are mainly available from the hydro project. Bhutan has huge hydropower potential, but they are not still fully utilised except Chukha Hydro project. This large project has developed with the help of the Government of India. It generates 336 MW.
India is the principal foreign trade partner of Bhutan. This small mountainous country exports wood, ghee, wax, wool, ivory items, etc. to India, and imports iron and steel, textile, sugar etc. from India.
The capital city of Bhutan is Thimphu, and the predominant religions in Bhutan are Buddhism and Hinduism.