Short Biography of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, the god-man of modern India, was born on 18 February 1836 at Kamarpukur in the Hooghly district in India. His parents Kshudiram Chattopadhyaya and Chandramani Devi were exceptionally devoted persons and earned the love and respect of the villagers for their charity, truthfulness and kindness.

Ramakrishna Paramahamsa’s early name was Gadadhar or Gadai. He learnt some lessons in the village pathshala but he was not very much interested in it. Gadadhar was seven years old when his father died. At the Gadadhar came to Calcutta (now Kolkata) with his elder brother Ramkumar, who wished his assistance in his priestly duties. At that time a rich widow named Rani Rasmani founded a temple to the goddess Kali on the eastern bank of the Ganga at Dakshineswar. Being invited by Rasmani, Ramkumar— with his brother Gadadhar—came to the sacred temple-garden and Gadadhar found greater opportunities to pursue his spiritual practices.

To Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, the image of Kali was not an inert stone, but the Mother Herself. Rani Rasmani was greatly attracted to Ramakrishna Paramahamsa, for she felt that his strange behaviour was for the fullness of devotion to goddess Kali. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa had a catholic spirit from the very beginning and he made no distinction between one form of god in Hinduism to another in Islam or Christianity. In the meantime, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa was married to Sarada Devi and practised a spiritual life at Dakshineswar.

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To spread his message to the world around, Ramakrishna Paramahamsa needed a strong instrument. And such an instrument was found in Narendranath Dutta, his beloved Naren, later known to the world as Swami Vivekananda.

The last days of Ramakrishna Paramahamsa were with his devoted disciples. And on 15 August 1886, he breathed his last leaving behind his preachings and godliness for the whole world.