Science and Society Essay

“Science is organised knowledge.”—Spencer. We live in an age of science. We feel the influence of science at every moment. Science has made its way in almost every sphere of social life. It is made our life easy and comfortable. Indeed, modern civilisation is based on the gifts of science. Wherever we cast our eyes, we see the achievements of science. Science has given us the power to do a greater volume of work in for shorter time and with less physical strain and sweat.

Many are the blessings of science. It has enriched all the departments of human life—industry, commerce, communication, medicine and whatnot. In fact, science has revolutionised our way of life. We take the advantages of science from dawn tonight. Of course, the people in a city enjoy them more than the people in villages do.

It is a fact that today some costly privileges of science belong only to the rich. It is they who reap most of the advantages of science. But science is also changing man’s outlook on life and his earning capacity. As days go by, its benefits will be more and more enjoyed by the common man and will reach the household of the poor. Science can also relieve the worldwide pangs of hunger. Apart from fighting diseases, science has made life more comfortable with various amenities. It has removed many of the disabilities which men suffered. Use of scientific methods has made the handicapped inactive. It will relieve much more in the years to come. Man will soon become the master of materials.

Now we can see the daily routine of a modern man. In fact, it is changed the lifestyle of the modern man. The alarm clock wakes him/her up at any hour he/she likes. The tram, bus or the motor car can carry us to school, college or office. The electric lift takes us to the top floor or a multi-storied building in the twinkling of an eye. The quick means of travel such as aeroplanes have made the world a very small place to live in. The computer, the greatest gift of the 20th century, has relieved man from manual and mental labour to a great extent. After our day’s work in our working place, when we feel bored, we may enjoy a film in a cinema hall or at home on our TV which gives relief to our tired nerves. Through telephone, we can speak to our distant friends or consult physicians. We can get the benefit of modern drugs or surgery which are the products of science. And now man is probing into the secrets of the outer space.

Thus we see that science has minimised our hardship and has increased pleasures and comfort and as a whole the span of life. In a word, the inventions of science have given us comfort, leisure and security, and civilisation is now a common possession, not the privilege of the few. Thus we see, it supplies us with our daily bread, cures our maladies, shortens distances, bridges gulfs and brings comforts and lifts up the veil of nature’s mystery.

Yet there are some abuses of science. Science has not only invented a robot but has turned a man into a robot in some cases. As Charles Chaplin said, “In this age of scientific inventions, we THINK too much, we FEEL too little.” It snatches the soul of a man when he/she runs a race in mad pursuit of material prosperity. Science, at the same time, has given us frightful nuclear weapons. If there be a Third World War, it will destroy the whole mankind on this planet. Peace on earth is at peril now.

But science cannot be blamed for this. We can use fire for cooking our food or bumping other houses! It is not the fault of fire but of its users. Likewise, man is responsible for the abuses of science. It fully depends on us whether we shall have the science to destroy the creation or to conquer hunger, poverty and disease for a happy and prosperous world.