Modern Indian History

Permanent Settlement of Bengal | Zamindari System

Ever since the direct rule was established in Bengal, Bihar and Odisha (1772), the East India Company had to face a most complicated problem, which was how to administer revenue. It was a private trading company, having no knowledge of India especially its revenue or judicial administration. In 1772, Warren Hastings, the Governor-General, leased the …

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Deindustrialization of India | Causes and Impacts

De-industrialization means ruining of industries. One of the major debates of modern Indian history revolves around this question. The nationalist historians like R.C. Dutta, R.P. Dutt, Tarachand etc. wrote that due to various economic policies of British and industrial revolution of England, the traditional Indian industries heavily suffered, though slowly but certainly. The colonial historians, …

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