Modern Indian History

The circumstances leading to the alliance between the Khilafat and Non-Cooperation movements

The end of the First World War created more problems globally than establishing peace. The so-called Paris Peace Conference (1919-1920) was all set to create a new world order. The Muslims in many countries, including in India, were anxious and agitative to know the fate of the Caliph (Khalifa) of Turkey and holy places in …

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What do you mean by the commercialisation of Indian agriculture?

When agricultural crops are produced for the market it is called commercialisation of agriculture. Some crops, like indigo, cotton, sugarcane, are made only for sale but some crops are made for consumption as well as sale like foodgrains. The Mughals and the Delhi Sultans preferred to collect land revenue in cash, therefore, the peasants had …

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The causes of the rise and progress of revolutionary movements in India from 1905 to 1931

The most aggressive form of freedom struggle was the revolutionary movement adopted by the highly charged up nationalist youth. Apart from the colonial rule—their exploitations, injustices, etc. the political system of contemporary India was also responsible for the birth of a revolutionary movement, which was termed by the British authorities as terrorist acts and treated …

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The important social reform legislation passed in the nineteenth century

Many officials of the East India Company wanted to remove various social evils present in Indian society but were forced to maintain an indifferent attitude. This was due to two reasons. Firstly, until about 1813, the East India Company was mainly interested in its trading activities and the profit from the revenue administration. No other …

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