What is Homosexuality?
Homosexuality is a romantic and somewhat abnormal sexual attraction or sexual behaviour between members of the same sex or gender.homoHomosexuality is a romantic and somewhat abnormal sexual attraction or sexual behaviour between members of the same sex or gender. Along with bisexuality and heterosexuality, homosexuality is one of the three main categories of sexual behaviour.
Scientists differ in their opinions about the causes of why a person develops a particular sexual orientation. However, biologically-based theories point out some genetic factors, the early uterine environment, or both combinations. While some hold the view that homosexual activity is ‘unnatural’, recent research has shown that homosexuality is an example of a normal and natural variation in human sexuality.
Common terms for homosexual behaviour
The most common terms for homosexual people are lesbian’ for females and ‘gay’ for males, though ‘gay’ is also used to refer generally to both homosexual males and females. Many gay and lesbian people are in committed same-sex relationships, though only recently census forms and political conditions have facilitated their visibility and enumeration.
What is Same-sex marriage?
Same-sex marriage — also known as gay marriage — is a form of marriage between two persons of the same biological sex or gender identity.
Legal recognition of same-sex marriage is sometimes referred to as marriage equality or equal marriage, particularly by its supporters. The first laws in modern times enabling same-sex marriage were enacted during the first decade of the 21st century. During 2013, fifteen countries (Argentina, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, France, Iceland, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Spain, South Africa, Sweden, Uruguay) and several sub-national jurisdictions (parts of Mexico and the United States) have allowed same-sex couples to marry. A law has been passed by the United Kingdom to be effective in England and Wales in 2014.
In fact, the recognition of same-sex marriage is a socio-political and human issue as well as a religious issue in many nations around the world. Debates continue whether same-sex couples should be allowed the rights of marriage or be required to hold a different status or be denied recognition of such rights. It includes legal protections such as inheritance and hospital visitation rights also.
In this context, the American Anthropological Association declares that social science research does not oppose recognising same-sex marriage. Some organisations have described same-sex marriage as a universal human issue, equally before the law. On the other hand, several authors attribute opposition to same-sex marriage out of homophobia. However, various communities around the world are now supporting same-sex couples to marry or observing marriage ceremonies. It may be in a secular civil ceremony or in a religious setting.
Studies conducted in several countries indicate that the legal recognition and social support of same-sex marriage are increasing with higher levels of education, and that support is strong among younger people. Additionally, polls in various countries show that there is rising support for same-sex marriage across race, ethnicity, religion, political affiliation and socio-economic status.