In Bengal, we are supposed to have six seasons—summer, the rainy season, early autumn, late autumn, or ‘fall’ winter, and spring—having two months for each season. Though this is the traditional break-up of six seasons, only four seasons excluding late autumn and spring appear prominently in Bengal.
Summer, which is the hottest season of the year, comes first and extends from early April up to the middle of June. In this season the sun shines very hotly and we suffer from unbearable heat. Violent storms occasionally break out in the afternoon and bring a mixed feeling of temporary relief and misery to the people. People suffer from acute scarcity of water and drought in some places. However, delicious fruits like mangoes, leechees, jack-fruits, etc. are available in this season.
The rainy season extends from mid-June to September. There is frequent rain in this season and sometimes it rains heavily for days together. If the summer ripens the fruits, the rainy season prepares the field for the principal crops of Bengal. In this season the farmers plough their land and sow seeds or plant the seedlings. But in case of too much rain, rivers get swollen and the flood washes away the crops.
Autumn comes next and lasts till early November. It is the dewy season and so the weather is fine. Small patches of clouds sail across the blue sky and the fields look gay and bright with golden crops. Various flowers blossom and their sweet scent are wafted all around. Durga Puja, the greatest religious festival of the Hindus, comes off in this season.
Winter comes after Autumn and it lasts till mid-February. Trees now shed their leaves. But markets are rich with varieties of vegetables such as beans, tomatoes, cauliflowers, cabbages, etc. Flowers like marigold, dahlia, etc. bloom in this season. However, it is rather hard on the poor for want of warm clothing. But once winter has come, spring cannot be far behind.
Spring is actually the transition from winter to summer. Though it is said that it is the season of beauty and pleasure, it goes almost unnoticed except poetry. Then the beginning of summer comes back with the Bengali New Year’s Day, the ‘Paila Baisakh’ and the ‘Hal khata’ opens its chapter.
The seasons of Bengal render a social impact with ‘baro mase tero parban’ (thirteen festivals in twelve months). It shows that the Bengalees try to associate Nature with their lives. In harmony with the change of season, they get some change in their lifestyle too.
Essay No- 2 (394 Words)
There are altogether six seasons in Bengal, namely the summer. The rains, the early autumn, the late autumn, the winter and the spring. These seasons move like a wheel, one following the other, and each continues for about two months. It is, however, only three seasons, namely the summer, the rains and the winter, that are most clearly felt.
The Bengali year begins with the summer. The first two months, Baisakh and Jaistha, are called the summer months. But in fact, we feel the advent of summer about two months earlier, and it lasts beyond Jaistha. Summer comes with mangoes and various other delicious fruits and fragrant flowers. In our state, the summer is not so oppressive as it is in Bihar and several other states. Only for a few days, the heat appears to be very excessive here.
The summer is followed by the rainy season. The third and the fourth months, Ashar and Shraban, have been called the rainy season, but in fact, however, this season often really begins by the end of Ashar and lasts till the end of Bhadra. It generally rains continually during the season, often resulting in floods. Yet this season is the most important because it helps agriculture.
The rainy season is followed by the autumn. A part of the early autumn, however, may be included in the rainy season, and the late autumn may be included in the winter; thus of the four months of autumn, only one month may be counted separately. This is, however, a season of plenty and calm, and is noted for the grandest Hindu festival, the Durga Puja.
After autumn comes the winter. Paush and Magh are called the winter months, but the season really begins two months earlier with the late autumn. The winter is not so severe in Bengal as in some other parts of India. It is the season of green vegetables and fruits like oranges and apples, and it is the most enjoyable of the seasons in Bengal.
The spring comes next. We call Falgun and Chaitra the spring months. But some portion of Falgun may be included in the winter and the rest of the season may be included in the summer. The spring has been the best of seasons, but we can scarcely appreciate its charms, because of the diseases breaking out at this time.