In Bengal, we are supposed to have six seasons—summer, the rainy season, early autumn, late autumn, or ‘fall’ winter, and spring—having two months for each season. Though this is the traditional break-up of six seasons, only four seasons excluding late autumn and spring appear prominently in Bengal.
Summer, which is the hottest season of the year, comes first and extends from early April up to the middle of June. In this season the sun shines very hotly and we suffer from unbearable heat. Violent storms occasionally break out in the afternoon and bring a mixed feeling of temporary relief and misery to the people. People suffer from acute scarcity of water and drought in some places. However, delicious fruits like mangoes, leechees, jack-fruits, etc. are available in this season.
The rainy season extends from mid-June to September. There is frequent rain in this season and sometimes it rains heavily for days together. If the summer ripens the fruits, the rainy season prepares the field for the principal crops of Bengal. In this season the farmers plough their land and sow seeds or plant the seedlings. But in case of too much rain, rivers get swollen and the flood washes away the crops.
Autumn comes next and lasts till early November. It is the dewy season and so the weather is fine. Small patches of clouds sail across the blue sky and the fields look gay and bright with golden crops. Various flowers blossom and their sweet scent are wafted all around. Durga Puja, the greatest religious festival of the Hindus, comes off in this season.
Winter comes after Autumn and it lasts till mid-February. Trees now shed their leaves. But markets are rich with varieties of vegetables such as beans, tomatoes, cauliflowers, cabbages, etc. Flowers like marigold, dahlia, etc. bloom in this season. However, it is rather hard on the poor for want of warm clothing. But once winter has come, spring cannot be far behind.
Spring is actually the transition from winter to summer. Though it is said that it is the season of beauty and pleasure, it goes almost unnoticed except poetry. Then the beginning of summer comes back with the Bengali New Year’s Day, the ‘Paila Baisakh’ and the ‘Hal khata’ opens its chapter.
The seasons of Bengal render a social impact with ‘baro mase tero parban’ (thirteen festivals in twelve months). It shows that the Bengalees try to associate Nature with their lives. In harmony with the change of season, they get some change in their lifestyle too.