Nepal is situated in the Himalayan region, surrounded by mountains. The two great neighbours of the Country are China in the north and India in the south. To be more precise, it is bounded on the north by Tibet, on the east by Sikkim and West Bengal, on the south by Bihar, and on the west by Uttar Pr Pradesh and Uttarakhand. It rises at 250 metres from foothills and 8,000 metres above the sea level. The total area of the land is about 1,47,187 sq km. The landscape of the State is dominated by the great Himalayan Range in the north with an average crest line 6,500 metres high. It contains six highest mountain peaks of the world, namely, Mt. Everest (8,848 m), Kanchanjangha (8,598 m), Dhaulagiri (8,178 m), Annapurna (8,028 m), Gouri Sankar and Gosainthan (8,153 each). There are two important valleys in Nepal, namely, Kathmandu and Pokhra.
The rivers that flow in Nepal get their water source from the melting snow of the Himalayas. The major rivers are Koshi, Gandak and Karnali, and among these, Koshi is the chief river with seven tributaries.
The climate in north Nepal is cold and rainfall is heavy. But in the Tarai region in the south, it is moist and damp.
Only 10% of the land is available for agriculture. The major crop in that area is rice and the other crops are cotton, jute, sugarcane and tobacco.
The only mineral available in good quantity in Nepal is mica, and other minerals are negligible.
The export items of Nepal are carpets, clothing, leather goods, medical herbs and some fruits and it’s export relation is mainly with India. Nepal imports machinery, petroleum, textiles, transport equipment etc.
The capital of Nepal is Kathmandu. Population in Nepal is about 23.6 million. The predominant religions in Nepal are Hinduism and Buddhism. The literacy rate is only about 27%of the total population. The state language and the language of the majority of people are Nepali while some others speak in Maithili and Bhojpuri. Tourism is an important source of income. The favourite tourist spots in Nepal are Kathmandu, Lumbini (the birth-place of Lord Buddha), Pokara Lake, and obviously the Himalayas with Mt. Everest, the world’s highest peak.