Mutation is the law of nature and in keeping with this law of change, the seasons in West Bengal come and go in a cyclic order. In West Bengal we are supposed to have six seasons — summer, monsoon, early autumn, late autumn, or ‘fall’, winter and spring — having more or less two months for each season. Though this is the traditional break-up of six seasons, only four seasons appear prominently and they are — summer, monsoon, autumn, and winter.
Summer, which is the hottest season of the year, comes first and extends from early April up to the middle of June. In this season the sun shines very hotly and we sweat and pant — suffering from unbearable heat. Violent storms are known as ‘Kal-Baishakhi’ or nor’westers occasionally break out in the afternoon and bring a mixed feeling of temporary relief and misery to the people. People are generally fatigued and, if not urgently required, keep indoors at noon. At night, if there is no electricity, they cannot sleep comfortably; rather they sweat and go on rolling on the beds, However, late afternoons and evenings are comparatively pleasant under the breezy sky. There is a great demand for cold-drinks, lassi or icecreams from men and women of all ages. Nature itself looks lifeless. Trees wither. Rivers and ponds dry up. People suffer from acute scarcity of water and drought in some places. They are often attacked with water-borne diseases such as cholera, typhoid, dysentery, etc. A part of North Bengal including Darjeeling is, of course, very pleasant affording a very comfortable climate.
However, we have varieties of fruits and flowers in this season. Mangoes, leechees, blackberries and jack-fruits are, of course, noteworthy fruits of this season.
In summer there are vacations in schools and colleges, and there is a great rush for the tourist-spots like Digha, Bakkhali, Mandarmani, Mukutmanipur, Darjeeling, Mirik, Kalimpong, etc.
Finally, we must mention some festivals in summer. It begins with the Bengali New Year’s Day or the Paila Baisakh’ and the ‘Hal khata’ opens its chapter. The ‘panchise-Baisakh is also famous for the birthday celebration of Rabindranath Tagore, our great poet, and it is observed not only in West Bengal but all over the world.