Television is one of the most important miracles of science. It has brought about a revolution in the field of entertainment, news, religion, economy, education and communication. Indeed mankind should be grateful to its inventor John Logie Baird who has brought the cinema and stage into the houses of the masses. One can now watch moving, talking, song and living pictures on the screen while sitting in one’s home.
Thus, while sitting in our homes, we can watch all kinds of programmes and cinema which are televised. Many educative and informative programmes can also be shown on the television which are of help to the students and the masses. Television is especially very valuable for an under-developed country like India where a great majority of the people are illiterate and live in the villages. People can be imparted much more information and education through TV programmes. Television is in a way an improvement on the radio set because now we can see the face of the speaker, whereas on the radio we could only hear the audio of the speaker and could not see his face.
Now, there is no need of going to a cinema house to see movies. One can enjoy the movies while sitting at one’s own room, among the members of the family. Many many dramas can also be shown on television. Through talks, delivered by the famous scholars the people can be informed about the latest happenings and the current problems. The politicians, economist, scientists, social workers and other famous persons can also talk to the people directly through the medium of television. Thus the advantage of television is numerous. People can hear the point of view of all famous persons, which can greatly help them in informing their opinions. They can also gain a huge fund of information regarding, science, political, environment, economy and social problems.
Television can also help in removing the social and political evils from the whole society. It can highlight the evils of casteism, dowry, drinking, gambling, rape, Eva testing etc. and help in their removal. Similarly, the government programmes like family planning, afforestation, social reform, adult education and cleanliness of the cities can also be propagated through the medium of television very successfully.
The television can also play a very important part in educating the people regarding corruption, prevailing in the social and political spheres. The people can be taught not to give or take bribes. They can also be advised to help the government in curbing black marketing, smuggling, trafficking, hoarding etc. During the time of the election, the results of the successful candidates can also be announced through the television. The V.L.P.s like the President, the Prime Minister etc, can also keep direct contact with the people by addressing them on television.
Of course, with its advantages, the television also has certain disadvantages. If a person spends too much time watching television every day, then he will become lazy and sick work. He would like to sit idle and extravagance his time. If one sees images from a close distance on the television set, it affects the eye-sight. It is thus very risky for the small children who always sit very close to the TV set. The students also get the bad habit of seeing movies on the television.
During the television time, the students do not pay any attention to their studies which will affect their educational carrier. The use of a television set also increases the electricity bill greatly.
The possession of television is also a nuisance. because even if one does not want to watch it, there are always quests and children of the neighbours who will crowd your house. The situation becomes quite delicate as you cannot say ‘no’ to your friends or neighbours, especially on the days when the ‘Saktiman’ programmes or Sunday film is being shown. Its repair is very costly and a man with ordinary means may not be able to afford it. It is just like a white elephant for him.
In spite of all these disadvantages, the advantages are definitely more and the disadvantages are out-weighed. In the field of education and entertainment, its vast importance cannot be denied. Of course, the Government should also show purposeful and good programmes on television to increase its utility. The cost of the television sets should also be reduced so that even ordinary persons can afford to purchase them.
Essay No. 2 (Uses and Abuses of Television)
The word ‘television’ comes from the Greek word ‘tele’ which means ‘far’ and the Latin word ‘vision is’ which means ‘to see’.
Television is one of the most wonderful inventions of modern science and it has added a new dimension to our life as a magic-baby of science at almost every home. Radio had brought us voice from the sky, television now adds vision to it and thus it satisfies both our ears and eyes. The Scottish scientist J. L. Baird is credited with the glory of inventing it in 1923. After that, many improvements have been done and the first country in the world to start regular commercial television in 1936 was England. Now it is the symbol of man’s triumph over time and space.
Television is the most powerful medium of modern times. It presents a variety of programmes which are both entertaining and educative at the same time. It has brought the whole world into our drawing rooms. It can entertain us with a film-show or an amusing TV serial. We can see a live broadcast of an exciting cricket or football match at a long distance. Gilchrist or Ponting completes their perfect centuries as if in our own room.
The TV is also an effective medium of education. Quiz programmes and UGC programmes help the students to add to their knowledge a lot. It has infinite possibilities as an instrument of mass media too. It can educate millions in a minute and that even not by pains but by pleasure. The masses can be enlightened as to the plans and programmes of the government and the happenings all around. It can also be used for adult education which is the crying need of the day.
But television is not without its abuses. It has made people unsocial to some extent. Guests feel embarrassed and unwelcome when they pay a visit to someone while a popular programme is on the screen. It spreads a hypnotic influence on the young, especially on the students. It kills their concentration on their studies. Many students watch their favourite TV programmes neglecting their studies. The films and serials full of sex and violence including cheap film-songs and soap-operas pollute their moral values and sometimes turn them anti-social. Thus the glitter of TV attracts the youth so much that they fall into the trap of getting addicted to a mindless, cheap, popular culture, and gradually alienated from their true and deep cultural heritage.
But television itself carries a little of all these blame. It depends on how and when we use it and for which purpose. We should use it in such a way that it may not be a curse to us.