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Essay On Problem Unemployment In India

The unemployment problem in India has become very serious in the recent years. The economic well being of the country depends greatly upon the solution of the problem of unemployment. During the present oil crisis even highly advanced countries like Saudi Arabia, England, France, Italy, etc. are also facing the problem of unemployment.
Unemployment Problem In India
In the communist countries like Russia, China, etc., the problem of unemployment can be solved easily by employing all the idle population on any available job. In the Constitution of Russia, work is both a right and duty. It is the responsibility of the state there to provide work to the people. Side by side it is also the duty of the citizens to do some work. It is written in their constitution that he who shall not work, neither shall he cat. There is a move in India also that we should include the right to work in our fundamental right.

Unemployment is a big waste of man power. It means that while the people are willing to work they have no work to do, It is a sort of forced idleness in the absence of work. Unemployment is one of the most important reasons of India's poverty and backwardness.

The number of job seekers on the live register of employment exchanges increased from 34.23 lakhs as on 31st December, 1969 to 109.24 lakhs as on 31 December, 1977. Nearly 3/4th of the persons on the live register of employment exchanges were not classified by occupation. But this figure may also not be a correct estimate regarding the number of unemployed persons, because the employment exchanges cover mainly the urban areas. There are no employment exchanges in the rural areas unemployed in the villages.

In the rural areas also millions of people are either fully unemployed or semi-unemployed. The problem of unemployment is especially acute among the landless workers in the villages, who do not have their own land. Even the farmers in the villages have very small holdings and they remain idle in the off season for a period from five to seven months every year. It is for this reason that 40% population of India is living below the poverty line. It is again a result of this that there is a tendency among the educated people of the villages to migrate to the cities. They go to the cities in search of employment opportunities.

There are so many causes of unemployment in India such as increasing population, defective system of education, backwardness of our agriculture, slow rate of industrialization, etc. Millions of uneducated youngmen and lakhs of Matriculates, Graduates, Post-Graduates and B.Ed degree well the number of the unemployed in our country annually. Even highly trained personnel like doctors, engineers, teachers and scientists also face the problem of unemployment. The highly trained personnel like doctors, engineers, teachers and scientists instead of starting their own ventures simply run after the Government jobs. Thus, they waste their talent and energy in doing routine jobs. They depend too much upon the Government agencies for providing them the jobs. They have no ambition to start their own factories, hospitals, schools or laboratories and so independent work.

It is a fact that no one solution can be wholly sufficient for solving the problem of unemployment in our country. First of all, the village and cottage industries in the villages, should be developed. If the villages become self-sufficient on their economy, villages would not run to the cities in search of jobs. The system of present education should also be changed radically. Instead of giving only theoretical education the students should be given vocational training, so that they can start some work after they finish their education. The country should also be industrialised at a very fast pace so that more hob opportunities can be created for the workers. More and more labour intensive industries and export oriented industries should be set up to solve the unemployment problem.

Again setting up of agro-industries in the rural areas, like manufacture of agricultural implements, agriculture based industries like khandsari, fruit-canning, apple juice etc. can go a very long way in improving the employment situation. It can also improve the economic condition of the villages. The new educational formula popularly known as 10+2+3 is also a right step in the direction of solving the unemployment problem.