Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev

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- Monday, September 02, 2019
With the name of N.S. Khrushchev is often associated with the "thaw" that occurred in the political life of the USSR after the death of Stalin. At this time, many political prisoners were released, the influence of ideological censorship decreased. Under Khrushchev, the Soviet Union made great strides in space exploration. Active housing construction was launched. At the same time, the execution of workers in Novocherkassk and the failures in agriculture and foreign policy are connected with the name of Khrushchev. His rule accounts for the highest tension of the Cold War with the United States.
nikita sergeyevich khrushchev former premier of the Soviet Union
Nikita Sergeevich Khrushchev was born on April 3, 1894 in the village of Kalinovka, Kursk province, in a family of a miner. Nikita Sergeyevich began his career quite early: already in 1908 he worked as a boiler cleaner and locksmith. In his youth, he actively participated in the strike movement, and in 1918 joined the Bolshevik party.

N.S. Khrushchev participated in the Civil War. In 1918, he commanded a detachment of the Red Guard in Rutchenkovo, then he was appointed battalion political commissar on the Tsaritsyno front. Later he served as an instructor in the political department of the army. After the end of the war, he was in the economic and party work.

In 1922, Khrushchev studied at the technical school of the Dontekhnikum, where he was the party secretary of the technical school. In 1925 he was appointed the party leader of the Petrovo-Maryinsky district of the Stalin district.

In 1929, Nikita Sergeevich studied at the Industrial Academy in Moscow, where he was elected secretary of the party committee. In 1931, he became the first secretary of Baumansky, then the Krasnopresnensky district party committees. Since 1934, Khrushchev was approved by the first secretary of the All-Russian Communist Party of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, since 1935 he is the first secretary of the Moscow Regional Committee (MK) of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks. In this position he replaced L.M. Kaganovich.

Further, Khrushchev holds the highest party positions. In 1938 he became the first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine, and in 1939 - a member of the Politburo. In the 1930s. Khrushchev was directly involved in the organization of Stalin's purges, as well as the implementation of plans for forced industrialization.

During the Great Patriotic War, Khrushchev was a member of the military councils of a number of fronts, in 1943 he received the rank of lieutenant general. Between 1944 and 1947 worked as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR, then re-elected first secretary of the Central Committee of the CP (b) of Ukraine. In 1949 he became the first secretary of the Moscow Regional and City Party Committees and the Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee.

After the death of Stalin in 1953, Khrushchev relied on an alliance with Malenkov to leave Beria behind. However, already in 1955, due to disagreements over the development of industry, Khrushchev was pushing for Malenkov to resign, thus becoming the sovereign leader. The last attempt to resist Khrushchev’s rise was made by the so-called anti-party group of Molotov, Kaganovich, Malenkov and Shepilov, who joined them, in 1957, but Khrushchev managed to win the Central Committee Plenum, after which he introduced his supporters to the Presidium of the Central Committee and took the post of chairman of the Council of Ministers.

During the years of government, Khrushchev introduced a system of vocational schools, carried out the development of virgin lands, and also actively supported the Soviet space program.

In foreign policy, Khrushchev consistently sought control of West Berlin, the mandate of which was held by the UN. In the early 60s. There has been a course toward improving relations with the United States, however, after an American reconnaissance aircraft was shot down in the Sverdlovsk Region, Khrushchev returned to a tough US policy. Its direct consequence can be considered Operation Anadyr, to which the United States responded with a blockade of Cuba. This confrontation went down in history as the “Caribbean Crisis” of 1962.

In 1964, the Plenum of the Central Committee relieved Khrushchev of all posts. After that, until his death on September 11, 1971, Nikita Khrushchev was retired.

Monuments N.S. Khrushchev is practically absent in Russia, but many of the citizens of Russia remember, for example, the long-awaited separate apartments, in vernacular - the “Khrushchevs” that are now going down in history, and shaky balancing on the verge of the third world war, and the first manned flight into space.