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Alexander III Emperor of Russia

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- Saturday, August 31, 2019
Alexander III Peacemaker became for Russia a symbol of an era of peaceful development of the state, during this period our country did not wage external wars.

The tsar’s domestic policy was autocratic in nature, it was a time of departure from the ideas of liberalization of Russian society and the strengthening of central government control over all spheres of state life. In the war against revolutionary terrorism waged by his father, Alexander III won.
Alexander III Emperor of Russia
He was born on February 26, 1845 and was the second son of Emperor Alexander II. Initially, no one prepared him for the inheritance of the throne; he received the military engineering education traditional for the great princes. However, the elder brother of Alexander, the heir to the throne, Nikolai fell ill and soon died. Despite the efforts of his father and outstanding teachers, it was not possible to fill the gaps in the education of Alexander III.

In the summer of 1866, Alexander III went on a trip to Europe and met the bride of his late brother, Princess Dagmar. And already on June 17, 1866, their engagement took place in Copenhagen. A few months later, the princess arrived in Kronstadt and, adopting Orthodoxy, became Maria Fedorovna. Spouses had a warm relationship all their lives.

In March 1881, Alexander II was assassinated by terrorist Narodnaya Volya. The new emperor, Alexander III, had to decide what policy he would pursue: continue to develop his father’s reforms or give preference to the autocratic grandfather’s policy. As a result, Alexander III issued the manifesto “On the inviolability of the autocracy” and launched a series of counter-reforms that were aimed at partially curtailing the liberal undertakings of the reformer father.

Alexander III made a significant contribution to the reorganization of the system of state and public relations: he eliminated the autonomy of universities, and carried out reforms in the field of urban governance. Under him, closed legal proceedings for political processes were restored, he sought to strengthen the role of the local nobility in society.

Alexander III went down in history as Tsar the Peacemaker, since during his reign Russia did not participate in any serious military-political conflict of that time. At the same time, the sovereign did not compromise Russia's interests, and it was under him that Russia firmly strengthened in Central Asia, as close as possible to the British colonial possessions. The revolutionary wave under him also came to naught.

The personality of Alexander III is associated with the idea of ​​a real Russian tsar-priest, a hero with iron health. On October 17, 1888, near the Borki station, 50 km from Kharkov, a railway accident occurred in which the royal family could die. Saving the lives of his loved ones, Emperor Alexander kept the collapsed roof of the car for about half an hour until help arrived. However, it is believed that as a result of this excessive stress, kidney disease began to progress. Rapidly developing, already on October 20, 1894 she led Alexander III to death.