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Alexander II Emperor of Russia

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- Saturday, August 31, 2019
Alexander II Nikolaevich Liberator - the emperor, during which the abolition of serfdom was carried out and reforms were carried out that modernized Russian society.

The fate of this emperor is in many respects the fate of Russia, in many ways the game is on the verge of the possible and impossible. All his life, Alexander II did not do what he wanted, but as circumstances demanded, relatives, the country. Is it possible: the king named the Liberator will be destroyed by those who considered themselves the best representatives of the people!
Alexander II Emperor of Russia
On April 17, 1818, the firstborn of the Russian Emperor Nicholas I was born in the Miracle Monastery. Prominent educators and scholars engaged in the education of the heir to the throne: V.A. Zhukovsky, the legislation was taught by M.M. Speransky, and finance E.F. Cancrin. The future emperor quickly enough developed a complete picture regarding the state of Russia and its potential future, and state thinking also developed.

Already in the years 1834-1635, Nicholas I introduced his son to the most important state bodies of the Empire: the Senate and the Holy Synod. Like his predecessors, Alexander is in military service and is responsible during the Russian-Turkish war of 1853-1856 for the combat effectiveness of the militia in St. Petersburg. An ardent champion of autocracy, Alexander very quickly comes to the conclusion that the socio-economic system of Russia is backward, while launching a whole range of reforms that will forever change the face of the empire.

Reforms of Alexander II are called Great: Abolition of serfdom (1861), Judicial reform (1863), Education reform (1864), Zemsky reform (1864), Military reform (1874). Transformations affected all spheres of activity of Russian society, forming the economic and political contours of post-reform Russia. The activities of Alexander II were largely aimed at scrapping the orders that had been established for centuries, which led to a surge in social activity on the one hand, and also aroused a reaction from the landlord class. As a result of such an attitude to the Tsar-Liberator on March 1, 1881, on the embankment of the Catherine’s Canal (now the Griboedov Canal), Emperor Alexander II died at the hands of the bombers. Historians still argue about how Russia would become if the emperor lived for at least four days.

In the reign of Alexander II, Russian society and the state reached its 1000th anniversary. Looking back deep into the centuries, every Russian man saw years of struggle with stubborn nature for the harvest, the 240-year-old Tatar yoke and Ivan the Great who threw it off, the campaigns of Grozny to Kazan and Astrakhan, the first emperor Peter and his associates, as well as Alexander I the Blessed, who brought Peace and the rule of law to Europe! The list of glorious ancestors and their deeds was captured in the monument “Millennium of Russia” (in the spirit of the times Ivan IV was not immortalized on the monument), which was installed in the first capital of the Russian state Novgorod in 1862.

Today there are many monuments to Alexander II the Liberator, one of them stands in Helsinki. In St. Petersburg on the embankment of the canal. Griboedov at the site of the mortal wound of the emperor-liberator was built the Church of the Savior on Blood, where you can still see the cobblestones, on which March 1, 1881 the blood of Alexander was shed.