Emperor and King Chandragupta Maurya : Emperor Chandragupta Life, Facts and Achievements?
Elements of the Maurya EraElements of the Maurya era are divided into literature and archaeological divisions. (1) Chanakya or Kautilya Arthashastra is available in Maurya state politics, economy, society and administrative details. (2) the myths of the Hindus Especially in Bishnupuran, Gargisanhita and Mahavasha, a book written by Patanjali, is an element of this era. (3) Buddhist Mahabansa, Dipbansha, Mahabodhibansa, Ashokavadana, and Jain book, Kalpasotra and Hemchandra's Parisistaparbana. (4) Mudrarakshasa of Visakhadatta, Kathasaritsagara of Samdev Bhat etc. (5) The history of ChandraGupta Maurya is known from the accounts of three brave stars Alexander Niyarkas, Anisikritas, Aristabulas. Indika a Greek envoy to the Chandragupta Maurya royalist, Megasthenes.
Chandragupta Maurya descent and BiographyThere is a lot of talk about ChandraGupta Maurya's descent, the founder of the Maurya dynasty. According to many, he is a Shudra dynasty. According to another opinion, he is a Kshatriya Dynasty. Greek writer Justin Chandragupta said to Maury Humble Origin. In the drama Mudraraksasa of Vishakhadatta, he has been called as Branches and Coolies.
Chandragupta Maurya's mother Mura, in Bishnupuran, was the mother of a king of Nandadynasty. The name of Murara named ChandraGupta is known as the 'Mauryavansh'. According to the legend Mahabansha, he was a son of a Kshatriya tribe named Moriah. It is said in the epic Mahaprunninvana that Chandragupta Maurya was the son of a republican Kshatriya tribe named Mori, named Pippliban in the foothills of the Himalayas.
Chandragupta Maurya Building the Empire
Establishment of Maurya Empire and eviction of Nanda DynastyA diplomat in Chankkya called the Brahmin, and both of them planned to dissolve the throne of DhanNandan. In the Mudraraksasa play Vishakhadatta and Jain book Parisistaparbana, there is a mention of Chandragupta's alliance with the King Mountbeteshwar or the hill king of a hill state in the Himalayas. This king and manocham gave many historical opinions as the same person. According to Plutarch's description, during the Battle of the river Plate, there were 2,00,000 infantry, 80,000 cavalry, 8,000 charioteers and 6,000 warriors in the Nanda empire. The great Alexander army decided to not move forward in India after hearing about this huge army.
According to Chandraguptam, Chandra Gupta and Chanakya's army were initially defeated by the Nanda empire. But Chandragupta later defeated Dhanananda and his commander Bhadrashala in several battles, killing Dhanananda. And on the throne of Magadha, Maurya Empire were established (324 BC.).
Eviction of Greek ruleChandragupta Maurya's work is to end the Greek rule from northwestern India. After the departure of Alexander of India in 325 BC, the rebellion started in the Greek occupied territories. The first revolt started in Kandahar. Then residents of the place named Asbakayana killed the governor of Nicanor and the residents of the high Sindh Valley, Governor Philippos. In 323 BC Alexander the Great attacked the Greeks after the death of Chandragupta. The Greeks called Chandragupta Maurya Sandrokottos and Androcottus.
War and marriage alliance with Seleucus and Chandragupta MauryaAlexander the Great After the death of the West Asia commander, including Syria and India, is part of the Selukas. To reach these areas, he came to Sindh in 305 BC. Greek historian Strabo Chandragupta speaks of a contract between Maury and Selukas. According to the terms of the treaty, he handed over to Kabul, Kandahar, Hirat Chandragupta. Seleucid gave her a marriage with ChandraGupta Maurya with her daughter Helena and sent a Greek envoy named Megasthenes in the court of Chandragupta. He was in Pataliputtra from 304 BC to 299 BC.
Chandragupta Maurya Empire SizeChandragupta Maurya was the ruler of a huge empire. His empire was extended beyond the boundaries of the Persian empire in the northeast, the Arabian Sea on the west, the Bay of Bengal before and the Mysore and Madras in the south.
Chandragupta Maurya AchievementBy conquering most of the Indian subcontinent, he went on to establish one of the largest empires in India history, extending from Central Asia in the west to Burma in the east and Himalayas in the north to Deccan Plateau in the south Asian.
Chandragupta Maurya Arts and architectureThe evidence of arts and architecture during Chandragupta time is limited, predominantly texts such as those by Megasthenes and Kautilya Arthashastra. The edict inscription and carving on monumental pillars are attributed to his grandson Ashoka. The texts imply cities, public work and prosperous architecture, but the historical city of these is in question.
Archeological discoveries in the modern age, such as Didarganj Yakshi discovered in 1917 Ad. buried beneath the banks of the River Ganges suggest exceptional artisanal accomplishments. It has been dated to the 3rd century BC by many scholars, but later dates such as 2nd century BC or the Kushan era have also been proposed. The competing theories are that the arts linked to Chandragupta Maurya dynasty was learnt from the Greeks and West Asia in the years Alexander the Great waged war, while the other credits more ancient indigenous Indian tradition. According to Frederick Asher, "we cannot pretend to have definitive answers; and perhaps, as with most art, we must recognize that there is no single answer or explanation".
Chandragupta Maurya DeathChandragupta Maurya got spiritual education near Jain Acharya Bhadrabhau and later after leaving the throne at the age of forty-four, he took Jainism and went with him to Deccan. According to Jainism, Chandragupta Shravanabelagola (Karnataka) Jain practiced sallekhana or voluntarily sacrificed her life. According to Kaushik Roy, Chandragupta renounced his wealth and power, crowned his son as his successor about 298 BC, and died about 297 BC.
Competitive Examination MCQ Question and Answers
(Q) When is the establishment of the Maurya Empire?Ans:- In 324 BC.
(Q) Who Wrote Arthashastra?Ans:- Kauṭilya.
(Q) Who is the writer of Patanjali's book?Ans:- Mahavasha.
(Q) What is the name of ChandraGupta Maurya grandson?Ans:- Ashoka, Susima, Vitashoka.
(Q) Who wrote Parisistaparbana?Ans:- Hemchandra.
(Q) What are the Buddhist books?Ans:- Mahabansa, Dipbansha, Mahabodhibansa, Ashokavadana.
(Q) Who wrote Mudraraksasa?Ans:- Visakhadatta.
(Q) Who Wrote Indika ?Ans:- Megasthenes.
(Q) Who is known from Junagadh Script?Ans:- Rudradaman.
(Q) Who is known from the Hathigumpha inscription?Ans:- Kharavela.
(Q) Who was the Chief Minister of Chandra Gupta Maurya?Ans:- Kauṭilya.
(Q) What was the name of Chandra Gupta Maurya's wife?Ans:- Durdhara.
(Q) What is the name of Chandragupta Maurya's mother?Ans:- Mura.
(Q) Megasthenes who came to India during the period?Ans:- Chandragupta Maurya.
(Q) Who is Chandragupta Maurya and defeats a royal family and sits on the throne?Ans:- Last King of Nandadynasty, Dhanananda.
(Q) Who was on the throne of Magadha before Chandragupta Maurya?Ans:- Dhanananda.
(Q) Who was the last emperor of Nanda Dynasty?