Delhi Sultanate Aram Shah(1210-1211 A.D.) : Origins, SuccessionAram Shah was the second sultan of the Mamluk dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate, His Father name was Qutubuddin Aibak. Aram Shah reigned from 1210-1211 A.D. He died 1211 A.D.
OriginsThe relationship of Aram Shah with Qutb al-Din Aibak (the first sultan of Delhi, who ruled from 1206 to 1210) is a subjects of controversy. According to some, he was Aibak son, but Minhaj-i-Siraj distinctly writes that Qutubuddin Aibak only had three daughters. Abul Fazl has made the "astonishing statement" that Aram Shah was Qutubuddin Aibak brother. A modern writer has hazarded the opinion that "he was no relation of Qutubuddin Aibak" but was selected as his successor as he was available on the spots.
SuccessionThe untimely death of Qutbuddin Aibak came like a bolt from it created chaos and confusion among his followers. The issue of successions was yet to be decided. The nobles of Lahore seated his son Aram Shah on the throne but he was a very weak person and inexperience. Aram Shah was not a good rulers. The forty nobles group, Chihalgani called Iltutmish to rules over the dynasty. Iltutmish defeated Aram Shah in the delhi war.
The nobles of Delhi realized that a stronger and competent person was needed at the throne of Delhi at this critical juncture, so after lot of consideration they invited Iltutmish, the Governors of Badayun, and son-in-law of Qutbuddin Aibak to sit on the throne of Delhi sultanate.
When Iltutmish reached Delhi and assumed sovereign power. Aram Shah marched against him from Lahore throne. The armies of both fought at Judd near Delhi in which Iltutmish achieved victory's. Aram Shah was put to death after defeated or imprisoned and died in imprisonment.
Aram Shah ruled for eight month, only and during his regime, the Sultanate of Delhi turned topsy-turvy and the power of provincial governor increased much and they declared their independence. Hence-after his enthronement Iltutmish had to face several problem.
References1. Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava (1966 A.d.). The Sultanate of Delhi, 711-1526 A.D. Shiva Lal Agarwala. pp. 92–93.
2. Peter Jackson, The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History, 29.
3. Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The New Islamic Dynasties, (Columbia University Press, 1996), 300.
4. Satish Chandra, Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals, Part One, 39.
5. Mahajan, V.D. (2016). "The Slave Dynasty". History of Medieval India. New Delhi: Sultan Chand. p. 104.