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The position of women in the Gupta society of ancient India

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- Monday, October 29, 2018

The position of women in the Gupta and Post Gupta Empire posthumous society of ancient India:


Introduction Gupta empire Women :


In order to get the real face of society of any age, it is necessary to know the contribution of women in that society or era, because society and age are unimaginable except for women. The existence of women as the daughter, the mother, the sister survives. Not the exception of the Gupta era. It is possible to get a rough idea about the women and status and status of the Gupta era in the poems and drama of Kamsutra of Baratshayana, Barahamihir Brihatsanghita, Jupiter and Kaitayan and Kalidas. In the Gupta and Post Gupta era, in some parts of India, the royal family was known to govern.

Women in different forms :



It is desirable to present a picture of women in married and unmarried and widowed when discussing the status and status of women in the Gupta era. In his book 'Kamasutra', he has emphasized the eloquence of the scriptures and the efficiency of the 64-kalas. As a teacher for her knowledge, the daughter of her nurse or a servant, a trustworthy companion, mentions an elderly maid about dissatisfaction. However, many questions have been raised about this situation of abuse. They studied the daughters of nobles and legends. All the responsibility of the family has been advertised on the ideal wife. From contemporary literature, many women used to compose scriptures and poetry. In some cases boys and girls studied together. There is mention of Gupta composition, Amarakoshee, Vedic Mantra teacher, Acharya. Women in the Kannada region ruled the province and the village. Many of the high level women of the society were educated.

Married women :


Byatsayan wrote that an ideal wife will respect her husband with god knowledge and perform various social and religious responsibilities with her husband. Katanisma has said that the wife will never leave her husband. Will serve her in the life of her husband and will live a holy life after her husband's death. Even Kalidas's experienced Shakuntalam, in the drama of Kannamuni Ashram, at the time of her departure, gave her orders to be loyal to her husband. But in Narada memory it has been said that if the husband is abroad for a long time, wife can be re-married.


Window woman :


In the Gupta era, widow has been given strict rules to abide in the life of women. Vithhuna and Kaitayana memorials have been mentioned in the memory of inheriting the property of the widow of the widow's widow; Some of the memorials and texts indicate widow marriage. Conspiracy, however, has opposed giving 'married wife' the social status of married wife. However, even though the widow's existence existed, it is not possible that Sita was not in the Gupta era. Sati's evidence is found in the first Gupta era. In this regard, 510 AD, Eran inscriptions can be mentioned. One of the era of Smriti Shastra ordered Jupiter widows to become chaste. Brahmihari praised Chaiti Prartha in her greatness. Fa-Hien Sati did not mention the custom.

Conclusion :


Although praising women in the Gupta era literature, in reality, women had little freedom. In ancient India, the traditional and legal rights of women in the patriarchal society were limited to men. In society, men enjoyed dominance. The woman is mainly kept in the inner house. Outside the family life circle, many women practiced religion or used to be nuns. Outside the normal life style of women, a prostitute, Devdasi In fact, under the patriarchal woman's father, under the husband's control, and under the husband's husband, the women lived. In other words, women were under the care of their fathers before marriage, after marriage, husband's life and old age under the son.

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