Geography and its importance in India's history

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- Sunday, September 30, 2018
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Geography Elements and its impact/effect/influence in India history:

Geography relationship with history is very intensive. Richard Hakluyeta said 'Geography and Chronology are the sun and the moon, the right eye and the left eye of all hidtory ' Geographical effects are closely related to history. Ancient Egyptian civilization was formed in the center of the Nile River. So the ancient Egyptian civilization is called the donation of the Nile River. Tigris and Euphrates rivers are unique in ancient Sumerian and Mesopotamian civilizations. The inhabitants of Greece, surrounded by the Aegean Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. England, Scotland, being surrounded by the sea, this country's trade and nostrils improved. There was no exception in India. Indian history and civilization and the effect of geography on the life and attitude of the people of India has been shown.

(A) Influence of the Himalayas Mountain on Indian History]:

Historical K. M. Poniccore 'A Survey Of Indian History' text says, If Egypt is called "Nile river donation", But India can be called Himalaya's donation. The Himalayas enrich India. For example -

i) The Himalayan Mountains stand like an impenetrable wall at the northern border of India, and prevents the Indian sub-continent from Central Asia, from the cold winds of autumn to the temperate climate.

ii) The Himalayan mountains protect India from outside enemy attacks. As a result, they have been separated from outside and have got the opportunity to develop their own civilization and culture.

iii) Throughout the year, the ice-rich ice gourd nourishes the northern Indian rivers. The river-plowed sediments make the land fertile and grainy. This way the Himalayan nationals hunger and provide security.

iv) The Himalayan forests and mineral deposits have enriched the economy of this country.

v) The main controller of India's climate monsoon winds. The winds blow on the Himalayas, helping to cause heavy rainfall in northeast India.

(B) The importance and influence of rivers in India's history:

The influence of rivers in India's history is Unlimited. For example,

i) The river makes its valley fertile. As a result, river valleys are improved in the cultivation.

ii) The rivers, tributaries and branches of rivers all around India help in the development of regional culture.

iii) Trade is expanded through the trade ports established on the banks of the river. Cities like Haridwar, Pataliputra, Prayag, Hastinapur and Allahabad etc. have been built on the banks of the river.

iv) The determination of the political and cultural boundaries of Indian rivers has helped. For example, Mahanadi, north of Kalinga, Godavari in the south, Krishna to the north of Tamilnadu and Kaveri on the south, Tapti in the north of Maharashtra and Vim in the south and Tungvadra in the south of Karnataka and north of Karnataka.

(C) Influence of the Vindhyas Mountain on Indian History :

i) The location of the vindhya Mountains is divided into two groups of Aryabarta and Deccan. In the ancient and medieval period, the Vindhya Mountains were a major obstacle in the path of easy communication and travel between Aryabarta and Deccan. That is why South India did not have to be devastated by foreign invasions such as North India - resulting in the political stability and business-trade of South India in an uninterrupted way at its own pace.

ii) For the location of the Vindhya mountain, Deccan Dravidian culture has got the opportunity to develop in its own style during the era of cultural expansion. South has its own feeling in literature, music, dance, architecture and art.

iii) Although some emperors and kings of northern India conquered the empire by conquering large parts of South India, none of them succeeded in conquering entire South India due to the position of this Bindiya hill, but could not put together the entire political alliance of India.

iv) Most of the languages ​​of northern India are derived from Sanskrit, But in the south of South India, the language of Deccan did not originate from the Sanskrit language, because it did not enter the Aryan extensively.

v) The location of the vindhya mountain has expanded in the business of South India. Bindhya mountain plants and natural resources and mineral resources enrich the southern fund.

(D) The importance and Effect/Influence of the sea :

i) The trade and cultural relations between India, China, Rome, Malab, Sumatra, Java and Sinhala were developed by the sea route.

ii) Before India, the Bay of Bengal, the Arbsagar on the west, and the Indian Ocean in the south, strengthen the Indian defense system.

iii) For the sea, Chola race from ancient times to South India has been able to navigate and trade.

iv) After the seagoing was discovered, the European nation came to India.

(E) Conclusion :

The impact of geography on the country's history is noticeable. The inhabitants of the mountains, jungle and desert region are fearless and hard-working and their livelihood. So the character, lifestyles and visions of the people of India are all influenced by the geographical effect.
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